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A History of East European Jews by Heiko Haumann

By Heiko Haumann

The origins and lifetime of East ecu Jewry took on new ancient and political significance after the Holocaust. In Poland by myself ninety nine in keeping with cent of Polish Jews 3 million in all have been killed; Yiddish as a spoken language kind of disappeared. This quantity offers a background of East eu Jewry from its beginnings to the interval after the Holocaust. It provides an summary of the demographic, political, socioeconomic, spiritual and cultural stipulations of Jewish groups in Poland, Russia, Bohemia and Moravia.Interesting issues contain the tale of early settlers, the 'Golden Age', the impact of the Kabbalah and Hasidism. bright pics of Jewish family members existence and spiritual customs make the ebook stress-free to learn.

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Arrested on the instructions of the Emperor Charles V, Molcho died at the stake in 1532, while David Reubeni disappeared in the dungeons of the Inquisition. Safed in Upper Galilee (now Zefat, Israel), where Isaac Luria (1534–1572) taught, became a new center of the Kabbala. " According to him, God had set free part of his being, had withdrawn from it, in order to make room for the creation. Harmony was disturbed by evil, however. When the divine light streamed into the universe not all of the vessels which were supposed to catch it could hold onto it and a shevirat ha-kelim ('breaking of the vessels') took place.

At the end of the fifteenth century all Jews were expelled from Lithuania, although they were permitted to return on payment of a large fee: it seems that they still had their uses. The situation was particularly hard for the Jews in Royal Prussia—what later became West Prussia around Torun (Thorn), Gdansk (Danzig), and Elblag (Elbing)—a tradition which would continue during the Reformation among the Prussian Lutherans. The privileges which were granted to 20 cities in the sixteenth century developed out of individual expulsions.

At that time, Yiddish was little different in Eastern and in Western Europe, so the exchange was relatively straightforward. Particularly popular were biblical legends and simple explanations of the Talmud, as well as tales and chivalric romances. Although Jewish women as a rule were not particularly well educated, one of the most important authors of that period was a Jewess: Rebecca, daughter of Rabbi Meir Tiktiner from Tykocin (in the province of Bialystok, in northeastern Poland), wrote not only religious songs, but also a book of advice for Jewish women.

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