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Additional resources for Addictive Behaviors: Readings on Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment
The outset point, temperament phenotype, interacts with the social environment throughout the lifespan to determine risk status. , biochemical, physiological) may also affect the risk for alcoholism. Finally, it is important to note that a temperament deviation is not a necessary condition to predispose to an alcoholism outcome; it can be seen in Figure 1 that a normative temperament phenotype in the context of either adverse biological or environmental circumstances also can culminate in this outcome.
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