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Ageing and Employment Policies: Japan (Ageing and Employment by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

E-book by means of business enterprise for financial Co-Operation and improvement

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Demographic dependency ratios, 2000-2050 Percentages 120 80 a B. Total dependency ratiob A. Old age dependency ratio Japan 110 70 Korea Czech Rep. Japan 100 60 Korea Germany Japan 50 Mexico 90 OECD Sweden Sweden Germany 40 30 20 Sweden Japan Germany US OECD Korea US Sweden Japan 80 US Turkey OECD US OECD Germany 70 Sweden US OECD 60 Japan Germany Korea US OECD Germany Sweden Turkey Korea Turkey Turkey 10 0 1975 Korea Mexico 2000 50 2025 2050 40 1975 2000 2025 2050 a) Ratio of the population aged 65 and over to the population aged 20-64.

These scenarios show a wide range in the size of the labour force over the next half-century but they all point to a contraction in the labour force within the next decade. However, they also suggest that there is considerable scope for changes in policy and institutional settings that affect participation rates to influence the extent of the eventual decline in the labour force. In particular, they point to the importance of ensuring that a high proportion of older people continue to work. 4).

En second lieu, en raison de l’application du plafond de gains autorisé, les prestations de retraite peuvent constituer au bout du compte une subvention salariale implicite pour les employeurs. Il semblerait, en fait, que plus de 40 % des entreprises qui recrutent des titulaires de pensions âgés de 60 à 64 ans modulent leurs salaires et leur temps de travail de manière à réduire la perte éventuelle de prestations de retraite pour ces travailleurs. Naturellement, la finalité du plafond de gains autorisé est de limiter le montant des pensions versées aux personnes âgées qui peuvent travailler et continuent à le faire et de freiner ainsi l’augmentation globale des dépenses consacrées aux retraites du fait du vieillissement de la population.

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