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Agriculture in the GATT by Timothy E. Josling, Stefan Tangermann, T. K. Warley (auth.)

By Timothy E. Josling, Stefan Tangermann, T. K. Warley (auth.)

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Sample text

Because of its broad mandate, the recommendations of the Haberler Committee were similarly far-reaching. Some were sharply focused on the problems of trade in agriculture. Those recommendations that were so focused were explicit. Essentially, the Committee advised the countries of Western Europe and North America to lower the degree of protection accorded their agricultural producers; to permit freer trade in agricultural products; to make wider use of the deficiency payment as a farm income support measure (because of its transparency and avoidance of demand-side distortions); and to introduce programmes to assist agricultural structural reform and farm modernization.

This action programme would entail three elements: the trade problems of the developing countries, the trade problems caused by national agricultural policies, and a new GATT round of trade negotiations. Committee I wrote reports on the possibilities of a new round of tariff negotiations. Its work led to the Dillon and Kennedy Rounds. Committee III addressed measures that would improve the position of the developing countries in the international trading system. A mark of its influence on the operation of the General Agreement was the addition of Part IV in I 964.

Once the broad principles and concepts of the CAP were settled in January 1962, Committee II became the focal point of the exporters' complaints 'that the Community had concocted about as watertight a system of protection as could be devised' 7 and one that was bound to have adverse effects on their exports. To the exporters, the CAP epitomized the worst features of agricultural protectionism that the Haberler Committee had so recently described. They protested that the Six were creating an autonomous agricultural policy without regard to its external effects.

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