By United Nations
Pollution has turn into a key challenge of lifestyle in huge towns. This book units out the result of a venture performed in the course of 2000-2002 to review the administration of pollution in 3 Latin American towns of Mexico urban, Sao Paulo and Santiago. The undertaking inquisitive about the notice and participation of the population of the affected towns in regards to the challenge and the significance of citizen involvement for the advance of powerful coverage techniques and mechanisms for pollution keep watch over.
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Additional info for Air Pollution and Citizen Awareness
From a sociological perspective, Dunlap and Catton’* have expressed a similar idea with respect to the argument about ”value change”. This is addressed in the following section. The environment has been a feature of economic and social thinking for a long time, but it has been in a subordinate position. Both sociology and economics viewed the environment as ”a given context” in which sociological and economic activities unfolded. Sociology regarded this ”context” as a neutral factor with no influence on social practices and structures.
This can be ascribed to three factors: (i) lack of information on the environment, or the provision of inadequate information because of the issue’s subjectivity; (ii) the dilemmas attendant on choices between a 26 According to Gaventa and Robinson (1999, cited in Holms and Scoones),there are basically four ways that non-elite citizens can participate in policy-making: (i) through subtle and covert resistance; (ii) through community groups, trade unions, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and social movements; (iii) by political means, through representatives of the people and elections, and through more revolutionary and confrontational action; and (iv) by means of a deliberative and inclusive process.
Despite that, consumer behaviour did not change because the public was sceptical about the pronouncements. Hence a change in citizens’ conduct depends on the trust they have in institutions. In many countries there is mounting unease at the new connections between the environment and lifestyles. This is matched by a diversification of the actors involved and the emergence of new coalitions of interests that break down traditional barriers. This change gives rise to new forms of identification and understanding, in which the main concerns are quality of life, environmental change, and technological 25 Hotelling’s rule states that the price of a non-renewable resource must rise at the same pace as the interest rate, in line with both efficient extraction and the competitive equilibrium of the industry in question.