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American Forests: A History of Resiliency and Recovery by Douglas W. McCleery

By Douglas W. McCleery

MacCleery recounts how settlers got rid of a lot of the yank wooded area for agriculture and trade throughout the nineteenth century. at the start of the 20 th century, even though, demographic adjustments and an rising conservation circulate helped lessen wildfire and inspire reforestation. this day there's extra forestland within the U.S. than there has been seventy five years in the past.

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Forest products industry. S. timberland management. S. productive forestland is privately held. These lands provide 92 percent of the nation’s timber harvest volume (see Figure 26). THE RISE AND FALL OF COMMERCIAL TIMBER PRODUCTION FROM FEDERAL LANDS As the demands for other uses and values of public lands exploded after 1970, the national forests became the focus of increasingly intense controversy. This was reflected in the demands of growing numbers of economically affluent and politically influential urban dwellers for expanded recreational opportunities and increased set-asides of undeveloped lands as preserves P O S T WA R D E M A N D S O N U .

Furbearers, especially beaver, had been eliminated from significant portions of their ranges. 26 AMERICAN FORESTS Figure 11. Cutover and abandoned forestland in northern Michigan at the beginning of the 20th century. Waterfowl were severely affected, including wood ducks, Canada geese, and plumed wading birds (such as herons, egrets, ibises). The passenger pigeon, once the most abundant bird on the North American continent, was nearly extinct by 1900; the heath hen, an eastern relative of the western prairie chicken, was on the brink of extinction, and the great auk, a flightless bird along the northeast coast, was extinct.

The major acquisition of eastern national forests was during the Great Depression. At that time twenty-six national forests were established, ranging from the Ocala in Florida to the Nicolet in Wisconsin; from the Green Mountain in Vermont to the Mark Twain in Missouri. By 1945, when acquisition of national forestland in the East substantially slowed, about twenty-four million acres of depleted farmsteads and cutover and burned woodlands had been incorporated into the eastern national forest system and placed under long-term management.

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