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Americans in Sumatra by James W. Gould

By James W. Gould

There is a typical trust that until eventually lately american citizens have most well-liked isolation to curiosity in distant components equivalent to Southeast Asia. This thesis will be verified through analyzing the historical past of yank family members with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the us. this sort of land is Sumatra. it really is one of many greatest islands on this planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile region exceeds that of the 3rd biggest American country, California, and is bigger than Italy. mendacity midway around the globe from the U.S., its I050 mile size is nearly divided by means of the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. to start with, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This used to be tested in I942 while the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try to stem the japanese improve southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from japanese Asia to Europe and the japanese usa. Sumatra's southern tip varieties one facet of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be­ tween the close to and much East. the hole of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest direction among the some distance East and the Western international from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.

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Acting Vice Comm. Agt. Consul Acting Consul Vice Consul Vice Consul Vice Consul Vice Consul Acting Vice Consul Vice Consul Vice Consul Acting Vice Consul Vice Consul Cons. Agent Cons. Agent Cons. Agent Cons. Agent Cons. Agent Acting Cons. Agent Robert R. Purvis Franklin D. Reed Br. Am. 12 July 1853 8 April 1854 15 Jan. 1854 Sept. 1854 Alexander Cramerus Du. 22 June 1857 14 Jan. 1857 Dirk L. W. Hooglandt Du. 17 Nov. 1857 20 Aug. 1857 W. J. Jacobson Du. Stephen Higginson, Jr. Albert van Gils W. J.

VII, National Archives, \Vashington. 5 Batavia Consular return, 2d. quarter 1865, Batavia Despatches, Vo!. VI. The first shipment from New York arrived on June 25, 1865 on the Weld's "Down-Easter" Enoch Train, Capt. Lane. , Petroleum and Trade of the Dutch East Indies, Trade Information Bulletin No. S. , 1923), p. 17. AMERICAN ENTERPRISE IN INDONESIAN OIL DEVELOPMENT 43 Therefore American exporters developed a special "package" which is still standard today. This was a sturdy pine case measuring ten by fifteen by twenty inches.

2, January 15, 1936, p. 18. 83 The New York Times, February 26, 1953. 34 AMERICANS IN SUMATRA in the Lampung districts. Its principal use is for cordage, for which it is the strongest fiber available. 84 The first American import from the Indies was in 1918 when 60 tons came in. A prewar record value of just under $ 300,000 was attained in 1930, but imports fell off during the Depression, to rise again to a peak quantity of 2,053 tons (worth $ 264,506) in 1940. Manila hemp is one of the few Indonesian products which the United States has imported in greater quantity after the war than before.

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