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Architecture as revolution : episodes in the history of by Luis E. Carranza

By Luis E. Carranza

The interval following the Mexican Revolution used to be characterised by way of extraordinary inventive experimentation. looking to exhibit the revolution's heterogeneous social and political goals, which have been in a continuing country of redefinition, architects, artists, writers, and intellectuals created unique, occasionally idiosyncratic theories and works.

Luis E. Carranza examines the interdependence of recent structure in Mexico and the urgent sociopolitical and ideological problems with this era, in addition to the interchanges among post-revolutionary architects and the literary, philosophical, and creative avant-gardes. Organizing his booklet round chronological case stories that convey how architectural idea and creation mirrored a variety of understandings of the revolution's value, Carranza makes a speciality of structure and its dating to the philosophical and pedagogic specifications of the muralist circulate, the improvement of the avant-garde in Mexico and its notions of the Mexican urban, using pre-Hispanic architectural kinds to deal with indigenous peoples, the improvement of a socially orientated architectural functionalism, and the monumentalization of the revolution itself. furthermore, the booklet additionally covers very important architects and artists who've been marginally mentioned inside architectural and paintings historiography.

Richly illustrated, Architecture as Revolution is without doubt one of the first books in English to provide a social and cultural historical past of early twentieth-century Mexican architecture.

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Additional resources for Architecture as revolution : episodes in the history of modern Mexico

Example text

For Vasconcelos, the rejection of foreign aesthetics and concerns was part of an active opposition to cultural colonialism and its simultaneous and programmatic devaluation of Mexican culture. His new educational program, in turn, would seek a utopian synthesis to oppose advancing global capitalism and its effects. The historian Edgar Llinás Álvarez best defined the problem of the nation’s postrevolutionary educational needs: Why did Mexican pedagogues propose, with particular anguish, the need to find an authentic Mexican identity during the revolutionary and postrevolutionary period?

Mariscal. 87 32 Acevedo, one of the most prominent members of the Ateneo, delivered a series of lectures revolving around three recurring themes on the character of a truly Mexican if walls could talk 88 architecture. The first was centered on “the relationship . . 90 As such, colonial architecture in Mexico was paradigmatically Mexican: The fact was that the indigenous people learned the different professions that make up the arts. The following is worth notice: at the moment of translating, with admirable dedication, the foreign designs that served as models for them, something of the native and inaccessible hid within their work, something unknown in the depths that, without mistaking the dimensions or varying the design guidelines, would create a new gesture, unforeseen nuance, or special color.

In 1912, after Díaz’ removal from power, Vasconcelos became the president of the Ateneo and instituted the group’s first truly public educational campaign by founding the Universidad Popular Mexicana (Mexican Popular University). While its structure followed the lecture system organized by the Sociedad de Conferencias and the Ateneo, the university was aimed at educating workers and adults who had neither the resources nor the time to attend school full time. 5 In the end, the Universidad Popular was incorporated into the Universidad Nacional (National University) in 1920, when Vasconcelos became its director.

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