By Marten Gerbertus Buist
The environment for this examine is mirrored within the sub-title 'Merchant bankers and diplomats at paintings. ' the purpose is to keep on with the companions of their many and numerous actions: of their courting in the direction of one another, of their contacts with different homes and of their attitudes in the direction of govt of ficials. additionally, the writer has tried to teach the causes for his or her advertisement and monetary activities, the place those have been discernible. some extent of departure reminiscent of this means that the surviving correspondence consti tutes the critical resource of data. Quantitative info are integrated, yet inside this framework their position is subsidiary. simply because this e-book is meant for numerous different types of readers, it's been divided into 3 elements. The introductory bankruptcy, which includes an abridged background of wish & Co. as much as 1815, is meant for these whose curiosity within the topic is of a extra basic nature. within the similar bankruptcy, a couple of major issues reminiscent of the expansion of international loans within the Nether lands and the procedure consistent with se of issuing loans are mentioned, and at tention is dedicated to a couple of the issues of exchange and to the query even if desire & Co. may be considered as retailers or as bankers. In end, an effect is given of the half performed through Amsterdam as a monetary centre throughout the Napoleonic period and of the very remarkable po sition which wish & Co. occupied at that time.
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Additional info for At Spes non Fracta: Hope & Co. 1770–1815
An early ancestor was a Lutheran minister in Bremen, from whence he moved to London. One of his sons, John, opened a cloth mill in Devonshire. Of the ensuing generation, two sons, John and Francis, moved to London, where they bought raw materials for their father's mill and also sold the products of it. Gradually, however, the house dissociated itself from the family business, and by the beginning of the 19th century it had become one of the most important in its field. 2 Legend has it that the transactions with Hope laid the foundation for Baring's later greatness.
A loan for Poland was floated in the same year, and the principal objection raised by Hope in connexion with this related not to the difficult political situation in the Netherlands, but to King Stanislaw's unsteady position. 2 The relationship between the stagnation of trade and the ease of placing loans emerged even more clearly in 1787. While drawing the attention of the Swedish government to the effect of political unrest on trade, Hope desired to increase the sum of the loan which had been requested from one to one and a half million guilders.
Themselves issued loans on behalf of Spain. Similarly, Pieter Stadnitski issued loans on the security of America's domestic debt, while Abraham and Dirk van Vloten acted as trustees for a number of American loans. Nor was there a clear dividing line between brokers and entrepreneurs. The brokers repeatedly subscribed to loans which they had helped to arrange, partly for their own account and partly on behalf of others. 2 Up to the time of the French invasion of 1794, the number of contracting entrepreneurs per loan continued to rise.