By Aristida Colan-Georges
This atlas describes and illustrates a unique process, known as complete breast ultrasonography (FBU), that represents a problem to traditional breast imaging prognosis. The insurance encompasses exam method, diagnostic standards, the imaging positive factors of a large choice of lesions, and position in follow-up. FBU consists of anatomic ultrasound scanning in keeping with the ductal echography procedure proposed by means of Michel Teboul, supplemented by way of Doppler and real-time sonoelastography. The procedure bargains a number of benefits. in comparison with MRI it has a cheaper price, wider availability, greater answer, and more desirable correlation with anatomy. in comparison with mammography it has some great benefits of absence of irradiation and soreness, applicability in all instances, and higher total accuracy. moreover, the standardized means of acquisition and interpretation signifies that it's compatible as a screening try, not like vintage ultrasonography. FBU is acceptable in ultrasound BI-RADS overview and is of price in depicting either benign and malignant stipulations. it may be instructed as a first-line approach to analysis and for the follow-up of taken care of breasts, whatever the patient’s age, intercourse, or actual situation.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Full Breast Ultrasonography
This mixed structure is better analyzed in DE, where the continuity of the ducts equally hypoechoic but surrounded by the hyperechoic glandular stroma offers the overall image of the distinct compact or branching glandular lobe. The disposition and the quantity of the fatty lobes are different according to the breast quadrants: less fatty tissue in the outer quadrants, more peripheral with fewer fats between the mammary lobes, justifying the dense aspect on mammography of the upper-outer quadrants, and progressively smaller mammary glandular lobes with much more interlobar fat in the inner quadrants, with a radiolucent aspect on mammography.
13th International congress on the ultrasonic examination of the breast. International Breast Ultrasound School. The 10th meeting of Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology 11. Amy D (2003) Sub-centimetric breast carcinoma. Echographic diagnosis. 13th International congress on the ultrasonic examination of the breast. International Breast Ultrasound School. The 10th meeting of Japan Association of Breast and Thyroid Sonology 12. Lee CC, Chen D-R, Chang R-F, Lee J-H, Jeng L-B (2003) Threedimensional breast Ultrasound imaging in patient with nipple discharge: a pictorial review of 36 patients.
As a rule, the orientation of the transducer will be always in the necessary position to obtain the image of the nipple on the upper left side corner of the screen and the periphery of the lobe on the right side of the screen; the body mark will be used to precise the breast radius scan location, so the images will be interpreted by anyone . As the probe’s length is limited, being inversely proportional with the high frequency needed for a high resolution, there are few types of equipments with 8–9 cm-long linear probes of 7–9 MHz and good resolution, recommended for the first step examination (Fig.