By Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
This precious ebook offers papers written over the last forty years by way of Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and his collaborators on numerous actual results which are saw on atoms interacting with electromagnetic fields. It includes a private number of assessment papers, lectures given at colleges, in addition to unique experimental and theoretical papers. Emphasis is put on actual mechanisms and on common methods (such because the dressed atom procedure) having quite a lot of purposes. a number of subject matters are mentioned, similar to atoms in extreme laser fields, photon correlations, quantum jumps, radiative corrections, laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation. during this re-creation, approximately 200-page of recent fabric has been further.
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R. Carver, Phys. Rev. 124, 800 (1961). 14 B. S. Mathur, H. Tang, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. 171. 11 (1968). 15 P. Davidovits and R. Novick, Proc. IEEE 54, 155 (1966); F. Hartmann, Ann. Phys. 2_, 329 (1967). 16 C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Compt. Rend. , 394(1961). " L . D. Schearer, Phys. Rev. 127, 512 (1962); C. W. White, W. M. Hughes, G. S. Hayne, and H. G. Robinson, ibid. 174, 23 (1968). 18 B. Cagnac, A. Izrael, and M. Nogaret, Compt. Rend. 267, 274 (1968). 19In fact, we neglect the matrix elements of the effec- tive Hamiltonian which couples sublevels of different F.
E x • D) PF . We then use the relation (1< 2 5 ) i-wti P
II. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS Our purpose was first to observe in zero magnetic 17 5 E X P E R I M E N T A L STUDY OF ZEEMAN LIGHT S H I F T S . . field the splitting of the ground state under the action of the nr light wave and secondly to check the form of the effective Hamiltonian and give experimental support to the concepts of fictitious magnetic and electric fields. The splitting in zero magnetic field is measured by resonance or transient methods. The identification of 3Ce is more difficult: The eigenstates should be determined.