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Atoms in Electromagnetic Fields by Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

By Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

This precious ebook offers papers written over the last forty years by way of Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and his collaborators on numerous actual results which are saw on atoms interacting with electromagnetic fields. It includes a private number of assessment papers, lectures given at colleges, in addition to unique experimental and theoretical papers. Emphasis is put on actual mechanisms and on common methods (such because the dressed atom procedure) having quite a lot of purposes. a number of subject matters are mentioned, similar to atoms in extreme laser fields, photon correlations, quantum jumps, radiative corrections, laser cooling and trapping, Bose-Einstein condensation. during this re-creation, approximately 200-page of recent fabric has been further.

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R. Carver, Phys. Rev. 124, 800 (1961). 14 B. S. Mathur, H. Tang, and W. Happer, Phys. Rev. 171. 11 (1968). 15 P. Davidovits and R. Novick, Proc. IEEE 54, 155 (1966); F. Hartmann, Ann. Phys. 2_, 329 (1967). 16 C. Cohen-Tannoudji, Compt. Rend. , 394(1961). " L . D. Schearer, Phys. Rev. 127, 512 (1962); C. W. White, W. M. Hughes, G. S. Hayne, and H. G. Robinson, ibid. 174, 23 (1968). 18 B. Cagnac, A. Izrael, and M. Nogaret, Compt. Rend. 267, 274 (1968). 19In fact, we neglect the matrix elements of the effec- tive Hamiltonian which couples sublevels of different F.

E x • D) PF . We then use the relation (1< 2 5 ) i-wti P where 1/ is the unit matrix in the nuclear-variable space and Pt is the projector on the electronic wave function of the excited state. Furthermore, 5 acts only on the electronic variables, so that Xe (F) becomes K e (f) = A£'(F)P,(l,)(ejf-BPjeVBjiV . 26) esfDP^exD is a purely electronic operator acting in the ground state (L = 0, S =\). According to the r e sults of Sec. I B 2 a FIG. 2. (a) In zero field, the 204Hg resonance line / = £ component of 199Hg.

II. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS Our purpose was first to observe in zero magnetic 17 5 E X P E R I M E N T A L STUDY OF ZEEMAN LIGHT S H I F T S . . field the splitting of the ground state under the action of the nr light wave and secondly to check the form of the effective Hamiltonian and give experimental support to the concepts of fictitious magnetic and electric fields. The splitting in zero magnetic field is measured by resonance or transient methods. The identification of 3Ce is more difficult: The eigenstates should be determined.

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