By Everett C. Ladd
This article examines info from surveys of public attitudes to evaluate people's perspectives in regards to the government's function in decreasing source of revenue variations among the wealthy and bad.
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Additional resources for Attitudes Toward Economic Inequality: Public Attitudes on Economic Inequality (AEI Studies on Understanding Economic Inequality)
In such situations, appropriate effects, incentives need to be created to (a) remove Addressing these market and policy failures is im- policy-induced distortions that undermine portant for improving the quality of growth. If such sound resource use; (b) complement market sig- failures persist, environmental goods and services nals with taxes/fees that reflect social opportu- will continue and nity costs, or payments that reflect social ben- underprovided, imposing costs on those who de- efits; and (c) selectively regulate the remaining pend on such goods, now and in the future.
G. biomass to LPG conversion in rural households, coal-to-gas in urban households) Support water supply and sanitation, energy, and irrigation projects that have specific environmental health outcomes based on integrated water resource management Reduce people's vulnerability to environmental risks, including moderate and extreme natural events. • Raise awareness of the potentially high economic and social returns that investments in vulnerability reduction can yield Minimize: • Strengthen regional institutions to improve weather forecasting, dissemination, and verifications systems * Loss of life and livelihood * Injuries and disabilities • Temporary and permanent dislocation • Destruction of social, physical, and natural capital • Enable adoption and encourage enforcement of building codes and land use policies • Promote resilience through better management and protection of the natural resource base Study the social and economic impacts of natural disasters and assess the vulnerability in countries/sub-regions with a history of natural disasters Develop a framework for vulnerability assessments, disaster preparedness, and early warning systems Support the preparation of building codes, siting, and land use guidelines Develop learning programs on planning, predicting, and adapting to climate change Include disaster prevention and management in policy dialogue Promote the integration of vulnerability reduction measures in sectoral planning and regulatory reforms Support the integration of disaster management into regional, national, and local land use and development plans and water resources management policies, strategies, and planning Support community-based ecosystem service initiatives to reduce the impacts of flooding (reforestation, conservation, and restoration of wetlands) Build and strengthen early warning systems, including community-based systems for effective dissemination of information Support vulnerability reduction investments, including investments for adaptation to climate change Improve the quality of growth Promote policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks for environmentally sustainable growth.
Irrigation is draining more water than is being replenished, causing water tables to fall and threatening future water availability for irrigation and other uses. Moreover, many water sources are being polluted by excessive use of agrochemicals. The PAGE report sets the stage for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA), launched by the World Resources Institute (WRI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the World Bank, and the Global Environment Facility. Source: IFPRI, CGIAR, WRI 2000.