By Peter Chapman
During this compelling historical past of the United Fruit corporation, Financial Times author Peter Chapman weaves a dramatic story of huge company, deceit, and violence, exploring the origins of arguably essentially the most arguable worldwide organisations ever, and the ways that their pioneering instance set the precedent for the institutionalized greed of today’s multinational companies.
The tale has its resource in United Fruit’s nineteenth-century beginnings within the jungles of Costa Rica. What follows is a damning exam of the company’s guidelines: from the promoting of the banana because the first quickly foodstuff, to the company’s involvement in an invasion of Honduras, a bloodbath in Colombia, and a bloody coup in Guatemala. alongside the way in which the corporate fostered covert hyperlinks with U.S. strength agents comparable to Richard Nixon and CIA operative Howard Hunt, manipulated the clicking in new, and stoked the innovative ire of Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.
From the exploited banana republics of primary the United States to the concrete jungle of recent York urban, Peter Chapman’s Bananas is a full of life and insightful cultural heritage of the coveted yellow fruit, in addition to a gripping narrative in regards to the notorious upward thrust and fall of the United Fruit corporation.
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Extra resources for Bananas: How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World
Hence, historical continuity emerges as a critical factor in that organizational units and part of their constituent memberships from the liberalization period survive into the transitioning political environment. Without the previous build-up of an organizational infrastructure or “liberalization holdovers,” threat-induced collective action will likely be weak to nonexistent. Examples of such “liberalization holdovers” acting as the organizational vanguard resisting more repressive states abound in authoritarian polities.
These groundbreaking studies often emphasize authoritarian contexts in which a polity experiences a period of political liberalization (Osa 2001). Selecting cases that allow for variation in the nondemocratic context may yield different sources and patterns of contention. For example, what conditions are linked to the onset of sustained waves of popular unrest in repressive authoritarian settings where signs of political liberalization are scarce? An equally puzzling question is the recent rise in lesser-developed countries (LDCs) of mass movements against the negative social impacts of economic globalization where governmental and economic elites systematically dismantle fragile welfare states.
Tilly (1978) deﬁnes opportunity as the likelihood of challengers enhancing their interests or extending existing beneﬁts if they act collectively. In contrast, threat denotes the probability of existing beneﬁts being taken away or the inﬂiction of new harms if challenging groups fail to act collectively (Tilly 1978, 133; Goldstone and Tilly 2001). , threat). Two dimensions of political opportunity relevant to collective action dynamics in the developing world include institutional access and competitive elections.