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Biotribology by J. Paulo Davim

By J. Paulo Davim

Tribology is the “science and know-how of interacting surfaces in relative movement” and encompasses the research of friction, put on and lubrication. via extension biotribology is mostly outlined because the tribological phenomena happening in both the human physique or in animals. as a result, it really is attainable to think about tribological methods which could ensue after implantation of a man-made equipment within the human physique and the tribological strategies clearly taking place in or at the tissues and organ of animals. Animals, together with people, own a large choice of sliding and frictional interfaces.

The authors goal to supply a few advances in study in biotribology. They conceal a number of facets of biotribology equivalent to tribology of synovial joints and synthetic replacements; put on of screws and plates in bone fractures fix; put on of denture and restorative fabrics; friction of the surface and luxury of garments; put on of substitute middle valves; tribology of touch lenses and ocular tribology; biotribology at the microscale and nanoscale degrees, etc.

This e-book can be utilized as a learn textual content for ultimate undergraduate engineering classes (for instance, fabrics, biomedical, etc.) or for these learning the topic of biotribology on the postgraduate point. it will probably additionally function an invaluable reference for lecturers, biomechanical researchers, biologists, chemists, physicists, biomedicals and fabrics engineers, and different execs in similar engineering, medication and biomedical industries.

Chapter 1 Biotribology of overall Hip alternative: The Metal?on?Metal Articulation (pages 1–49): J. Philippe Kretzer
Chapter 2 Experimental put on reviews of overall Joint Replacements (pages 51–86): Claire Brockett and John Fisher
Chapter three effect of Temperature on Creep and Deformation in UHMWPE below Tribological Loading in synthetic Joints (pages 87–142): Mathias Christian Galetz and Uwe Glatzel
Chapter four huge capability put on checking out (pages 143–155): Vesa Saikko
Chapter five Biotribology of Titanium Alloys (pages 157–197): Yong Luo

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Sample text

12-3). Examples of third bodies include metal particles, ceramic fragments, bone cement and bone fragments. Third bodies can increase wear significantly. Mode 4 is characterized by articulation of two non-bearing surfaces (Figure 12-4), as is the case for impingement or “backside” wear. Backside wear can occur in many ways including wear between the acetabular liner and the shell, fretting between modular components, and friction between the implant stem and the surrounding bone or bone cement.

49th Annual Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society, 2003, New Orleans. , “The effect of ‘running-in’ on the tribology and surface morphology of metal-on-metal Birmingham hip resurfacing device in simulator studies”, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H, vol. 220, 2006, p. 269-277. , “Long-term results and survivorship of the McKee-Farrar total hip prosthesis”, Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol. 106, 1987, p. 368-374. , “Cancer risk after metal on metal and polyethylene on metal total hip arthroplasty”, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, vol.

Summary of results from simulator studies A meta-analysis [KRE 09] of hip performed during the last decade statements regarding design- and parameters and their influence on metal bearings: simulator wear studies supports the following manufacturing-related the wear of metal-on- – For implants with a diameter of 36 mm and above, an increase in head size leads to reduced running-in wear. If lubrication is insufficient and components are not at least partly separated by a fluid film, wear might increase due to the longer wear path.

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