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Blood and Debt: War and the Nation-State in Latin America by Miguel Angel Centeno

By Miguel Angel Centeno

What position does conflict play in political improvement? Our knowing of the increase of the geographical region relies seriously at the Western eu event of struggle. demanding the dominance of this version, Blood and Debt appears to be like at Latin America's a lot assorted event as extra appropriate to politics at the present time in areas as assorted because the Balkans and sub-Saharan Africa. The book's illuminating evaluate of the quite peaceable heritage of Latin the United States from the past due eighteenth in the course of the early 20th centuries finds the shortcoming of 2 serious necessities wanted for conflict: a political and army tradition orientated towards foreign violence and the kingdom institutional skill to hold it out. utilizing leading edge new facts reminiscent of tax receipts, naming of streets and public monuments, and conscription documents, the writer conscientiously examines how warfare affected the financial improvement of the nation, the construction of nationwide id, and claims to citizenship. instead of construction geographical regions and fostering democratic citizenship, he indicates, struggle in Latin the US destroyed associations, proven inner divisions, and killed many with out goal or glory.

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Was there ever discussion of the benefits of conscription? Were leading elites aware of the possible benefits and costs? Would a mass army have served as the surest protection for democratic citizenship? Why did the Latin American state ignore its own population? The Latin American states were never strong enough to demand full conscription. Perhaps more important, there was never a perceived need for the 82. 83. 84. 85. Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism Since 1780. B. Anderson, Imagined Communities.

Finally, the type of war appears to make an insignificant difference on its effects, which constitute the primary focus of this volume. There is no question that Latin Americans have tried to kill each other. 2. Howard, Causes of War. 3. Singer and Small, Resort to Arms. 4. Levy, War and the Modern Great Power System, 51. Making War 35 There are too many examples of brutal and bloody conflicts for this to be denied. The Creole population of Guanajuato was massacred in 1810, while the Yaquis, Mayas, and Mapuches—to name just three examples—were pursued with practically genocidal fury throughout the nineteenth century.

Latin America in the World There is little question that the past two centuries have seen an unmistakable global acceleration in the ferocity of war (Figs. 2). The number of actual conflicts may have declined, and the number of years during which the globe has known peace may have actually increased, but bellic brutality has intensified. 5 Measures such as the number of 5. ’’ Image not available Fig. 1 Global battle deaths (source: Singer and Small) Image not available Fig. 2 Cumulative global battle deaths by war type (source: Singer and Small) Making War 37 individuals under arms, expressed either in absolute terms or as percentage of the population, have also increased.

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