By Jason C. Parker
In 1962, amidst the Cuban Revolution, 3rd international decolonization, and the African American freedom circulation, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago turned the 1st British West Indian colonies to achieve independence. those weren't merely the 1st new countries within the western hemisphere in additional than fifty years; in addition they gained their independence with no the bloodshed that marked lots of the decolonization fight in different places. Jason Parker's foreign historical past of the peaceable transition in those islands analyzes the jobs of the USA, Britain, the West Indies, and the transnational African diaspora within the strategy, from its Nineteen Thirties stirrings to its chilly warfare end result. Grounded in exhaustive learn performed in seven nations, Brother's Keeper bargains an unique rethinking of the connection among the chilly warfare and 3rd international decolonization.
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Extra resources for Brother's Keeper: The United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962
S. designs. But it nonetheless showed West Indian determination to play a role in the devolution of authority in the Caribbean. S. presence could work against as well as for them. They were heartened to ﬁnd the latter current surprisingly strong; Roberts, “pulling wires” to land post-Havana meetings with State Department ofﬁcials, found them “all . . ”61 From well before the Nazi blitz, and especially after Havana, the expatriate activists recognized the changing balance of power. S. presence that could become a takeover if Britain became too weak or preoccupied in Europe.
Hard-liners said the West Indies should simply be annexed. S. population could settle their lands. The territories, so the argument went, would surely beneﬁt from American inﬂuence, as Haiti had recently done. –British–West Indian relations in the years before and during World War II goes beyond such questions of strategy or proﬁt. Trends below the geopolitical radar would have an important impact as well. As part of the wave of Gilded Age immigration to the United States, for example, inhabitants of the British Caribbean came northward in a steady ﬂow.
46 The CDWA, however, represented two things: British acknowledgment that their stewardship had been wanting and an implicit determination that it should both continue and improve. The American Embassy in London saw the wisdom of “this Colonial New Deal . . What might in peace-time have been a major political scandal of colonial maladministration [becomes] a useful wartime counterfoil to enemy propaganda . . ”47 Shortly after the Act was announced, German victories pushed the future of the Caribbean colonies even further into ﬂux.