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Category: Central America

The Conquest of the Last Maya Kingdom by Grant D. Jones

By Grant D. Jones

On March thirteen, 1697, Spanish troops from Yucat?n attacked and occupied Nojpeten, the capital of the Maya humans referred to as Itzas, the population of the final unconquered local New international nation. This political and formality center—located on a small island in a lake within the tropical forests of northern Guatemala—was densely lined with temples, royal palaces, and thatched homes, and its trap represented a decisive second within the ultimate bankruptcy of the Spanish conquest of the Mayas. The trap of Nojpeten climaxed greater than years of instruction by way of the Spaniards, after efforts by means of the army forces and Franciscan missionaries to barter a relaxed give up with the Itzas were rejected through the Itza ruling council and its ruler Ajaw Kan Ek’. The conquest, faraway from being ultimate, initiated years of persisted fight among Yucatecan and Guatemalan Spaniards and local Maya teams for keep an eye on over the encircling forests. regardless of protracted resistance from the local population, hundreds of thousands of them have been pressured to maneuver into project cities, although in 1704 the Mayas staged an abortive and bloody uprising that threatened to recapture Nojpeten from the Spaniards. the 1st whole account of the conquest of the Itzas to seem considering 1701, this e-book information the layers of political intrigue and motion that characterised each point of the conquest and its aftermath. the writer seriously reexamines the wide documentation left by means of the Spaniards, proposing a lot new info on Maya political and social association and Spanish army and diplomatic procedure. this isn't just one of the main targeted experiences of any Spanish conquest within the Americas but additionally probably the most complete reconstructions of an autonomous Maya nation within the background of Maya reports. In providing the tale of the Itzas, the writer additionally finds a lot approximately neighboring lowland Maya teams with whom the Itzas interacted, usually violently.

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What is la hispanidad?: A conversation (Joe R. and Teresa by Ilan Stavans

By Ilan Stavans

Natives of the Iberian Peninsula and the twenty international locations of Latin the USA, in addition to their kinsfolk who have immigrated to the U.S. and world wide, percentage a typical caliber or id characterised as l. a. hispanidad. Or do they?

In this full of life, provocative publication, exceptional intellectuals, a cultural critic and a historian, have interaction in a chain of probing conversations during which they struggle to figure the character of l. a. hispanidad and debate no matter if the sort of shared identification binds the world's approximately part billion people who find themselves "Hispanic." Their conversations variety from La Reconquista and Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella, who united the Spanish country whereas expelling its final Moors and Jews, to the fervor for el fútbol (soccer) that has swept a lot of Latin the United States this present day. alongside the way in which, they speak about a chain of exciting subject matters, together with the complex courting among Latin the USA and the us, Spanish language and the makes use of of Spanglish, complexities of race and ethnicity, nineteenth-century struggles for nationhood and twentieth-century identification politics, and pop culture from literary novels to telenovelas. Woven all through are the authors' personal enlightening stories of crossing borders and cultures in Mexico and Chile and the United States.

Sure to impress lively conversations between its readers, What is l. a. hispanidad? makes a resounding case that "our hispanidad is rooted in a altering culture, versatile adequate to persist past obstacles and conditions. allow us to now not repair it with a definition, yet permit it as an alternative to go back and forth, always."

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Workers' control in Latin America, 1930-1979 by Jonathan C. Brown

By Jonathan C. Brown

The years among 1930 and 1979 witnessed a interval of excessive exertions task in Latin the USA as employees participated in moves, unionization efforts, and populist and innovative activities. the 10 unique essays during this quantity research sugar mill seizures in Cuba, oil nationalization and railway moves in Mexico, the tried revolution in Guatemala, railway nationalization and Peronism in Argentina, Brazil's cloth moves, the Bolivian revolution of 1952, Peru's copper moves, and the copper nationalization in Chile—all vital nationwide occasions during which business workers performed severe roles.Demonstrating an illuminating, bottom-up method of Latin American hard work heritage, those essays examine the standard acts during which staff tried to claim extra keep watch over over the paintings approach and thereby upload dignity to their lives. operating jointly, they have been in a position to convey store ground struggles to public consciousness and—at yes severe junctures—to effect occasions on a countrywide scale.The individuals are Andrew Boeger, Michael Marconi Braga, Jonathan C. Brown, Josh DeWind, Marc Christian McLeod, Michael Snodgrass, Andrea Spears, Joanna Swanger, Mar?a Celina Tuozzo, and Joel Wolfe.

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Everyday Revolutionaries: Gender, Violence, and by Professor Irina Carlota Silber

By Professor Irina Carlota Silber

Everyday Revolutionaries offers a longitudinal and rigorous research of the legacies of struggle in a group racked by way of political violence. by means of exploring political techniques in a single of El Salvador's former struggle zones-a sector recognized for its peasant innovative participation-Irina Carlota Silber bargains a searing portrait of the entangled aftermaths of war of words and displacement, aftermaths that experience produced persisted deception and marginalization.

Silber presents one of many first rubrics for figuring out and contextualizing postwar disillusionment, drawing on her ethnographic fieldwork and study on immigration to the us by means of former insurgents. With an eye fixed for gendered reports, she unmasks how neighborhood individuals are requested, contradictorily and in numerous contexts, to relinquish their identities as "revolutionaries" and to advance a brand new feel of themselves as effective but marginal postwar voters through a similar "participation" that fueled their innovative motion. fantastically written and delivering wealthy tales of wish and depression, Everyday Revolutionaries contributes to special debates in public anthropology and the ethics of engaged learn practices.

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Indigenous Religion and Cultural Performance in the New Maya by Garrett W. Cook

By Garrett W. Cook

Based on greater than thirty years of ethnographic fieldwork in Highland Guatemala, this examine of Maya diviners, shamans, ritual dancers, and spiritual brotherhoods describes the novel adjustments in conventional Maya non secular perform wrought through financial globalization and political turmoil. concentrating on the first members within the annual competition within the K'iche' Maya village of Santiago Momostenango, the authors express how older non secular traditionalists and the recent iteration of "cultural activist" spiritual practitioners engage inside a unmarried local people, and the way their competing agendas for adapting Maya religiosity to a brand new and regularly altering political economic system are perpetuating and altering Maya spiritual traditions.

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Reclaiming Latin America: Experiments in Radical Social by Geraldine Lievesley, Steve Ludlam, Ernesto Vivares,

By Geraldine Lievesley, Steve Ludlam, Ernesto Vivares, Francisco Dominguez, John Crabtree, Valeria Guarneros-Meza, Guy Burton, Julia Buxton, Sara Motta-Mera, Leonardo Diaz-Echenique, Sue Branford, Patricio Silva, Javier Ozorio

This book is a one-stop advisor to the revival of social democratic and socialist politics around the region. At the top of the chilly conflict, after a long time of neoliberal domination and the "Washington Consensus," it appeared that the left used to be complete in Latin the United States. yet in truth new possibilities sprang up via electoral politics and mass action. Warning opposed to over-simplification, this booklet deals designated old research of Latin the US as a complete and country-specific case experiences. From the anti-imperialism of the Bolivarian substitute for the Americas in Venezuela, Bolivia and Cuba, to the extra gradualist routes being taken in Chile, Argentina and Brazil, Reclaiming Latin the US provides a true feel of the plurality of political responses to well known discontent. 

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Archaeoastronomy and the Maya by Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos, Edwin L. Barnhart

By Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos, Edwin L. Barnhart

Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical ways to historical Mayan cultural construction. The ebook is contextualized via a historical past of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan websites, originating within the nineteenth century discovery of astronomical tables inside of hieroglyphic books. Early twentieth century archaeological excavations published inscriptions carved into stone that still preserved astronomical files, besides structure that was once equipped to mirror astronomical orientations. those fabrics supplied the root of a turning out to be professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming within the Nineteen Seventies and increasing into contemporary years. The chapters right here exemplify the advances made within the box through the early twenty first century in addition to the on-going range of techniques, featuring new views and discoveries in historical Mayan astronomy that outcome from fresh experiences of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. greater than simply investigations of esoteric old sciences, stories of old Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our knowing of Mayan worldviews. suggestions of time and house, meanings encoded in non secular paintings, intentions underlying architectural alignments, or even tools of political legitimization are all illuminated during the research of Mayan astronomy

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Policymaking in Latin America: How Politics Shapes Policies by Inter-American Development Bank

By Inter-American Development Bank

What determines the potential of nations to layout, approve, and enforce potent public rules? to handle this factor, this e-book builds at the result of a comparative learn of political associations, policymaking methods, and coverage results in 8 Latin American nations. the amount merits from either micro aspect at the intricacies of policymaking in person nations and a large cross-country interdisciplinary research of the method within the zone. the rustic reports reveal a deep wisdom of the explicit ancient dynamics and idiosyncratic structural components at play in each one case, whereas concentrating on the results of political associations as seen via a typical analytical lens based in video game concept and institutional research. This booklet may still turn into a staple at the syllabus of any type on Latin American politics or institutional politics and significant historical past interpreting in lots of periods on improvement economics.

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Star Gods of the Maya: Astronomy in Art, Folklore, and by Susan Milbrath

By Susan Milbrath

Observations of the solar, moon, planets, and stars performed a relevant function in old Maya lifeways, as they do at the present time between modern Maya who preserve the normal methods. This pathfinding booklet reconstructs old Maya astronomy and cosmology throughout the astronomical info encoded in Precolumbian Maya artwork and proven by way of the present practices of dwelling Maya peoples. Susan Milbrath opens the ebook with a dialogue of contemporary Maya ideals approximately astronomy, in addition to crucial details on naked-eye statement. She devotes next chapters to Precolumbian astronomical imagery, which she strains again via time, ranging from the Colonial and Postclassic eras. She delves into many facets of the Maya astronomical pictures, together with the main astronomical gods and their linked glyphs, astronomical almanacs within the Maya codices [painted books], and alterations within the imagery of the heavens over the years. This research yields new info and a brand new synthesis of knowledge concerning the particular astronomical occasions and cycles recorded in Maya paintings and structure. certainly, it constitutes the 1st significant examine of the connection among paintings and astronomy in historical Maya tradition.

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