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Category: Central America

Puerto Rico: Culture, Politics, and Identity by Nancy Morris

By Nancy Morris

This e-book makes use of ancient and interview facts to track the improvement of Puerto Rican identification within the twentieth century. It analyzes how and why Puerto Ricans have maintained a transparent experience of specialty within the face of direct and oblique pressures on their identification. After gaining sovereignty over Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898, the us undertook a sustained crusade to Americanize the island. regardless of 50 years of lively Americanization and one other forty years of endured usa sovereignty over the island, Puerto Ricans preserve a feeling of themselves as extraordinarily and proudly Puerto Rican. This examine examines the symbols of Puerto Rican id, and their use within the advanced politics of the island. It exhibits that id is dynamic, it's skilled another way by way of members throughout Puerto Rican society, and that the main symbols of Puerto Rican identification haven't remained static over the years. throughout the research of Puerto Rico, the booklet investigates and demanding situations the widely-heard argument that the inevitable results of the export of U.S. mass media and shopper tradition in the course of the international is the weakening of cultural identities in receiving societies. The ebook develops the concept exterior strain on collective identification may possibly boost that id instead of, as is usually assumed, minimize it.

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Harvesting change: labor and agrarian reform in Nicaragua, by Laura J. Enríquez

By Laura J. Enríquez

One of many significant goals of the Sandinista govt in Nicaragua used to be to finish the exploitation of the agricultural negative. yet its makes an attempt to advertise balanced financial improvement and redistribute agricultural assets created hard work shortages that threatened the country's fiscal lifeline. New employment possibilities created via agrarian reform disappointed the fragile stability constructed in pre-revolution years to fulfill the hard work necessities of Nicaragua's key plants, cotton and low. Laura Enr?quez studied this challenge broadly whereas operating in Nicaragua among 1982 and 1989, and in Harvesting swap she presents a special research of the dilemmas of reform in an agrarian society.Enr?quez describes the normal hard work relatives of Nicaragua's agroexport creation and descriptions their breakdown as agrarian reform complicated. She additionally assesses the choices followed by way of the Sandinista govt because it tried to deal with the main issue. Her publication relies on player remark and on formal and casual interviews with a wide move portion of humans all for agricultural creation, together with officers concerned about agrarian reform, making plans, and exertions; manufacturers; staff; and representatives from institutions of growers, staff, and peasants.By proposing agrarian reform in its extensive social context, Enr?quez makes and demanding contribution to our knowing of the issues linked to the transition to socialism within the 3rd international.

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Chan: An Ancient Maya Farming Community by Cynthia Robin

By Cynthia Robin

The farming group of Chan thrived for over twenty centuries, surpassing the toughness of many better Maya city facilities. among 800 BC and 1200 advert it used to be an immense nutrients creation middle, and this choice of essays unearths the $64000 function performed by means of Maya farmers within the improvement of historic Maya society. 
    Chan bargains a synthesis of compelling and groundbreaking discoveries accrued over ten years of study at this one archaeological web site in Belize. The individuals strengthen 3 critical issues, which constitution the booklet. They research how sustainable farming practices maintained the encompassing wooded area, permitting the neighborhood to exist for 2 millennia. They hint the origins of elite Maya kingdom faith to the complicated non secular trust method built in small groups corresponding to Chan. ultimately, they describe how the group-focused political options hired by way of neighborhood leaders differed from the hugely hierarchical recommendations of the vintage Maya kings of their huge cities.
     In breadth, method, and findings, this quantity scales new heights within the learn of Maya society and culture.

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A Natural History of Belize: Inside the Maya Forest (Corrie by Samuel Bridgewater

By Samuel Bridgewater

Written for a well-liked viewers and richly illustrated, this e-book offers the 1st specified portrait of the habitats, biodiversity, and ecology of Belize, one of many earth's so much biologically profuse places.

Belize's Chiquibul woodland is among the greatest closing expanses of tropical wet wooded area in imperative the US. It types a part of what's popularly often called the Maya woodland. Battered by means of hurricanes over thousands of years, occupied via the Maya for hundreds of thousands of years, and logged for centuries, this atmosphere has confirmed its extraordinary ecological resilience via its persisted lifestyles into the twenty-first century. regardless of its historical past of disturbance, or even partially due to it, the Maya woodland is ranked as an enormous nearby biodiversity sizzling spot and offers a number of the final neighborhood habitats for endangered species similar to the jaguar, the scarlet macaw, Baird's tapir, and Morelet's crocodile.

A average background of Belize provides for the 1st time a close portrait of the habitats, biodiversity, and ecology of the Maya woodland, and Belize extra commonly, in a layout obtainable to a well-liked viewers. it's dependent partially at the study findings of scientists learning at Las Cuevas examine Station within the Chiquibul woodland. The booklet is exclusive in demystifying a number of the titanic clinical debates regarding rainforests. those comprise "Why are tropical forests so diverse?"; "How do natural world evolve?"; and "How do species interact?" through concentrating on the ecotourism paradise of Belize, this booklet illustrates how technological know-how has solved a few of the riddles that after at a loss for words the likes of Charles Darwin, and in addition exhibits the way it might help us in coping with our planet and woodland assets correctly within the future.

Published in organization with the typical heritage Museum, London.
99 colour photographs, 6 illustrations, three maps.

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Bananas: How the United Fruit Company Shaped the World by Peter Chapman

By Peter Chapman

During this compelling historical past of the United Fruit corporation, Financial Times author Peter Chapman weaves a dramatic story of huge company, deceit, and violence, exploring the origins of arguably essentially the most arguable worldwide organisations ever, and the ways that their pioneering instance set the precedent for the institutionalized greed of today’s multinational companies.

The tale has its resource in United Fruit’s nineteenth-century beginnings within the jungles of Costa Rica. What follows is a damning exam of the company’s guidelines: from the promoting of the banana because the first quickly foodstuff, to the company’s involvement in an invasion of Honduras, a bloodbath in Colombia, and a bloody coup in Guatemala. alongside the way in which the corporate fostered covert hyperlinks with U.S. strength agents comparable to Richard Nixon and CIA operative Howard Hunt, manipulated the clicking in new, and stoked the innovative ire of Che Guevara and Fidel Castro.

From the exploited banana republics of primary the United States to the concrete jungle of recent York urban, Peter Chapman’s Bananas is a full of life and insightful cultural heritage of the coveted yellow fruit, in addition to a gripping narrative in regards to the notorious upward thrust and fall of the United Fruit corporation.

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Panama City, Panama's Pacific Islands & Colón by Patricia Katzman

By Patricia Katzman

We go back and forth to develop – our experience publications convey you ways. event the areas you stopover at extra without delay, freshly, intensely than you are going to in a different way – occasionally most sensible performed taking walks, in a canoe, or via cultural adventures like paintings classes, cooking periods, studying the language, assembly the folk, becoming a member of within the fairs and celebrations. this may make your journey life-changing, unforgettable. all the specific details you would like is right here concerning the lodges, eating places, purchasing, sightseeing. yet we additionally lead you to new discoveries, turning corners you have not grew to become sooner than, assisting you to have interaction with the area in new methods. that is what makes our experience publications unique.  "I am the trip editor for a countrywide commute journal and feature lately had the privilege of utilizing Patricia Katzmans first-class consultant publication to Panama. First, the canopy is exceptional, the most effective i've got visible. I enjoyed the entire pictures...they extra rather a lot. moment, the print is readable. Third,...

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Maya Christians and Their Churches in Sixteenth-Century by Elizabeth Graham

By Elizabeth Graham

Based on her research of archaeological proof from the excavations of Maya church buildings at Tipu and Lamanai, Elizabeth Graham seeks to appreciate why the Maya occasionally actively embraced Catholicism in the course of the interval of ecu conquest and endured to worship during this approach even after the tip of Spanish occupation.

The Maya in Belize seem to have endured to bury their lifeless in Christian churchyards lengthy after the church buildings themselves had fallen into disuse. in addition they appear to have hidden pre-Hispanic gadgets of worship in Christian sacred areas during periods of persecution, and excavations display the fashion of the early church buildings to be unmistakably Franciscan. The proof means that the Maya remained Christian after 1700, whilst Spaniards have been now not up to the mark, which demanding situations the frequent assumption that simply because Christianity used to be imposed via strength it was once by no means competently assimilated by way of indigenous peoples.

Combining ancient and archaeological information along with her adventure of getting been raised as a Roman Catholic, Graham proposes a manner of assessing the idea that of non secular adventure and approaches of conversion that takes into consideration the cloth, visible, sensual, or even olfactory manifestations of the sacred.

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Brazil Imagined: 1500 to the Present (William and Bettye by Darlene J. Sadlier

By Darlene J. Sadlier

The 1st entire cultural historical past of Brazil to be written in English, Brazil Imagined: 1500 to the current captures the function of the inventive imaginary in shaping Brazil's nationwide identification. studying representations of Brazil in the course of the international, this formidable survey demonstrates the ways that existence in a single of the world's biggest international locations has been conceived and revised in visible arts, literature, movie, and quite a few different media. starting with the 1st explorations of Brazil by means of the Portuguese, Darlene J. Sadlier contains broad resource fabric, together with work, historiographies, letters, poetry, novels, structure, and mass media to track the nation's transferring experience of its personal background. subject matters contain the oscillating topics of Edenic and cannibal encounters, Dutch representations of Brazil, regal constructs, the literary imaginary, Modernist utopias, "good neighbor" protocols, and filmmakers' progressive and dystopian photographs of Brazil. an impressive panoramic learn of race, imperialism, average assets, and different subject matters within the Brazilian adventure, this landmark paintings is a boon to the sphere. (201010)

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Stealing Lives: The Globalization of Baseball and the Tragic by Arturo J. Marcano Guevara

By Arturo J. Marcano Guevara

Whereas a few Latin American superstars have conquer discrimination to strike gold in baseball's monstrous leagues, hundreds of thousands extra Latin American gamers by no means make it to "The Show." Stealing Lives specializes in the plight of 1 Venezuelan youngster and files abuses that occur opposed to Latin youngsters and younger males as baseball turns into a world enterprise. The authors show that during their efforts to safe reasonable exertions, significant League groups frequently violate the fundamental human rights of children.As a tender boy growing to be up in Venezuela, Alexis Quiroz dreamed of taking part in within the significant Leagues. Alexis's goals have been like these of millions of different boys within the Dominican Republic and Venezuela, and significant League groups inspired such desires by means of recruiting Latin youngsters as younger as 10 and eleven years previous. made up our minds to develop into a tremendous league participant, Alexis entire highschool early and committed himself to touchdown a freelance with a big League group. Alexis signed with the Chicago Cubs in 1995 at age 17 after which started a harrowing ordeal of exploitation, mistreatment, and disregard by the hands of the Chicago Cubs, together with taking part in for the Cubs' Dominican summer season League crew in appalling residing stipulations. Alexis's baseball profession got here to an abrupt finish through an damage for which the Cubs supplied no sufficient clinical remedy. the tale keeps, besides the fact that, with Alexis's pursuit of justice within the usa to make sure that different Venezuelan and Dominican boys don't come upon comparable experiences.What occurred to Alexis isn't an remoted case-Major League groups mostly deny Latin childrens and younger males the fundamental protections that their U.S. opposite numbers take without any consideration. This exploitation violates foreign felony criteria on hard work criteria and the human rights of kids. Stealing Lives concludes by means of reading a variety of reforms to redress the inequities gigantic league baseball creates in its globalization.

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