By Hugh M. Hamill
During this significant revision of the Borzoi publication Dictatorship in Spanish the USA, editor Hugh Hamill has offered conflicting interpretations of caudillismo in twenty-seven essays written by way of a global workforce of historians, anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, reporters, and caudillos themselves. the decisions characterize revisionists, apologists, enemies, or even a sufferer of caudillos. The personalities mentioned contain the Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo, the Argentinian gaucho Facundo Quiroga, the Guatemalan Rafael Carrera, the Colombian Rafael N??ez, Mexico’s Porfirio D?az, the Somoza family members of Nicaragua, the Dominican "Benefactor" Rafael Trujillo, the Argentinians Juan Per?n and his spouse Evita, Paraguay’s Alfredo Stroessner - referred to as "The Tyrannosaur," Chile’s Augusto Pinochet, and Cuba’s Fidel Castro.
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Before the dust had settled over the ruins of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán, rivalry between the followers of Cortés and Pánfilo de Narváez broke out. . "18 The bitter civil wars between the followers of Pizarro and Diego de Almagro in Peru revealed another bloody example of factional disarray. The Castilian Crown's imposition of authority over these bickering subjects took a shape that would be profoundly important for our understanding of the emergence of caudillismo. The monarch very quickly emerged as the focus of appeal for resolution of factional wrangles.
Fidel's Power to Disrupt Maurice Halperin 316 26. Pinochet's Route to Power in ChilemcGenaro Arriagada Herrera 325 27. Paraguay's Stroessner: The Ultimate Caudillo? James D. S. General John Pershing 187 Page viii Juan Vicente Gómez (18571935), Venezuelan caudillo from 1908 until his death 188 Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina (18911961), nearly totalitarian caudillo who dominated the Dominican Republic for thirty years 188 The Monumento a la Paz de Trujillo commemorates the achievements of the "Benefactor" 189 Trujillo with Vice-President Richard Nixon, 1955 189 Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza Garcia (18961956), Nicaraguan caudillo, with Mayor Vincent Impellitteri and their wives, New York City, 1952 190 Juan Domingo Perón (18951974) and Eva Duarte de Perón (191952) of Argentina 190 Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1914-), Venezuelan dictator 191 Francisco Franco (18921975), "El Caudillo," Spain 191 Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza Debayle (192580), Nicaraguan caudillo, exercises in his fortified bunker 192 Fidel Castro (1926-), Cuban leader, speaking to 100,000 people in 1984 192 Augusto Pinochet (1915-), Chilean caudillo 193 Alfredo Stroessner (1912-), Paraguayan caudillo, with Generalisimo Franco and Prince Juan Carlos in Madrid, 1973 193 Manuel Noriega (1938-), caudillo of Panama, shortly before he was ousted from power in 1989 194 Map Moreno's March from Pore to Bogotá-1831 138 Page ix PREFACE Lewis Hanke, as general editor of the Borzoi Books on Latin America for A.
The Arawak word kassequa lent itself to Spanish orthography and usage to mean, at first, local Indian chief, and later any regional strong man, regardless of race. Cacique was in such general use by the nineteenth century that it became common even in Spain. Given geographic isolation and the vastness of Spanish America, the scattered power nuclei, controlled by caciques, were fundamental to the emergence of national caudillos. Whereas a cacique is a ruler among men, a caudillo is a ruler among caciques.