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Chan: An Ancient Maya Farming Community by Cynthia Robin

By Cynthia Robin

The farming group of Chan thrived for over twenty centuries, surpassing the toughness of many better Maya city facilities. among 800 BC and 1200 advert it used to be an immense nutrients creation middle, and this choice of essays unearths the $64000 function performed by means of Maya farmers within the improvement of historic Maya society. 
    Chan bargains a synthesis of compelling and groundbreaking discoveries accrued over ten years of study at this one archaeological web site in Belize. The individuals strengthen 3 critical issues, which constitution the booklet. They research how sustainable farming practices maintained the encompassing wooded area, permitting the neighborhood to exist for 2 millennia. They hint the origins of elite Maya kingdom faith to the complicated non secular trust method built in small groups corresponding to Chan. ultimately, they describe how the group-focused political options hired by way of neighborhood leaders differed from the hugely hierarchical recommendations of the vintage Maya kings of their huge cities.
     In breadth, method, and findings, this quantity scales new heights within the learn of Maya society and culture.

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These questions generated the current Chan project. The Current Volume This volume contains fourteen archaeological case studies from Chan written by twenty of the Chan researchers. The volume is organized into four parts addressing central aspects of the organization and development of the Chan community and their implications for understanding broader changes in Maya society. Part 1. “Time, Space, and Landscapes” lays the foundation for understanding Chan as a community. The chapters in this section explore the temporal occupation of the community, the nature of its changing settlement patterns, its environmental setting and agroforestry practices, and the organization and broader political-economic implications of its agricultural production.

Kestle, ch. ). For type 2 to 3 mound groups, we estimate that five-sixths of mounds were residential. Our extensive program of post-hole testing that extended from the architectural cores of mound groups for 30 to 50 m beyond the architectural core and in two cases extended across whole neighborhoods allowed us to explore the possible existence of nonmound architecture (Blackmore, ch. ; Hearth, ch. , ch. ). Indeed, a number of nonmound structures were identified through post-hole testing, but all of these were ancillary structures; they include the lithic workshop within mound group C-199 (Hearth, ch.

The paucity of Early Classic ceramics reported at Belize Valley sites has led to a debate in the literature over whether the Early Classic was a period of depopulation in the Belize Valley or if researchers are not recognizing the ceramic assemblages of this time period, as elite pottery types from the central Petén region have primarily been used to identify the Early Classic (Awe 1992; Demarest 1992; Ford 1991; LeCount 2004a; Lincoln 1985). While the evidence from Chan does not resolve this debate, it does demonstrate that at Chan populations did not decrease in the Early Classic and that Early Classic commoner domestic assemblages from outside of the central Petén area are identifiable archaeologically.

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