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Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de by Michael P. Costeloe

By Michael P. Costeloe

The Juzgado de Capellanias was once an important financial establishment in the Roman Catholic Church in Mexico. It operated in every one diocese as one of those financial institution, receiving clerical sales from a variety of resources and making an investment them in terms of loans at curiosity. The Roman Catholic Church in Mexico was once either a reason and a sufferer of the political and financial chaos of this era. The liberals alleged that the focus of a lot of the country's wealth within the arms of the clerical organisations hindered the political and fiscal development of the kingdom. The clergy argued that they applied a lot in their estate and capital to the direct advantage of either society and the economic system. Dr Costeloe examines those various perspectives when it comes to the Juzgado in Mexico. He discusses its advanced inner management, expert staff, resources of profit and the process for acquiring loans from it. because the borrower used to be obliged to assure reimbursement of his personal loan by way of providing a estate as safeguard, the Church, in the course of the Juzgado as creditor, won keep an eye on of the mortgaged estate. Dr Costeloe analyses the consequences of this funding and next regulate of actual property through the clergy. within the ultimate part, the writer discusses the family among the Juzgado and the nation.

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Additional resources for Church Wealth in Mexico: A Study of the ’Juzgado de Capellanias’ in the Archbishopric of Mexico 1800-1856

Example text

H. Vera, Legislacidn edesidstica mexicana (Amecameca, 1887), vol. m, p. 207. 23 Church Wealth in Mexico half of the income that was due to them. This, however, was more due to the inefficiency of the administrators than to the charity or benevolence of the corporations. Clerical revenue from rents was in fact decreasing in the nineteenth century because of a number of circumstances apart from the liberal attempts to confiscate Church property. The political situation restricted the economic growth of the country, with the result that tenants were less able and even more reluctant to pay rents to their ecclesiastical landlords.

The book is in AGN, PBN, leg. 1026, exp. 3. Decree of chapter, 20 December 1811, AGN, PBN, leg. 437, exp. 5. Undated account, ibid. 1 They pointed out they received no fixed salary and could not live on what they made in fees. The time was again December, which meant that in effect they were asking for the Christmas present which it had become customary for the Juzgado to give. On this occasion the employees, who numbered ten, were given only twelve pesos each, a much smaller sum than that which their predecessors had received.

Maria de Jesus Ariscorreta, 7 April 1825, AGN, PBN, leg. 27, exp. 91. Decree of Judge, 29 March 1843, AGN, PBN, leg. 1178, exp. 2. The documents concerning this appointment are in AGN, PBN, leg. 582, exp. 13. Archbishop to Minister of Justice, 8 January 1852, AGN, Justicia Eclesidstica, vol. 169, fol. 73- 41 Church Wealth in Mexico decree ordering the investment of any capital of a benefice or pious work, which was to be given with only guarantors, the Judge's fee was eight pesos, that of the Public Notary four pesos, and that of the Chief Notary two pesos and four reales.

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