By Clifford Kinvig
The tale of Britain's invasion of Russia on the finish of the 1st global conflict has remained principally untold. even supposing no longer its preliminary architect, its leader recommend, used to be the passionately anti-Bolshevik, Winston Churchill. Churchill's campaign is the 1st entire account of a different army operation - one that, if it had succeeded, may have replaced the historical past of Russia, Europe and the area.
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Extra resources for Churchill's Crusade: The British Invasion of Russia, 1918-1920
One of the younger members of Syren called him 'a dear old duffer who was quite useless', but some of his comments on the campaign were quite perceptive. The dire situation on the Western Front coupled with the much tighter coordination of mobilised manpower between army and industry meant that these were the only men available. Indeed there was an air of haste and incomplete preparation about the whole enterprise, with questions of transport, local conditions and even finance hardly being considered.
In return for British aid in troops, munitions and possibly cash to oppose the Tashkent Bolsheviks, Malleson was given extensive powers over the defence of Krasnovodsk and the railway running east from it against possible attack by the Central Powers. * Very soon Malleson was able to put together a small force, initially a machine gun detachment, then some Punjabi troops and a field battery, and finally an Indian cavalry regiment. The Bolshevik advance along the railway was first halted and then, in some very heavy fighting in November, driven back beyond the Merv Oasis.
In fact, during the time of the Kerensky Provisional Government, Admiral Kemp had been advising a reduction in the flow of supplies since they were merely piling up at the ports where there was no real effort to get them to where they were needed. 7 There were powerful reasons for Britain to disapprove of the new revolutionary regime in Russia. For a start, the Bolsheviks' coup d'etat was plainly not endorsed by the population at large. Ten days after Moscow had fallen to them, elections for the Constituent Assembly gave them only 25 per cent of the popular vote, with almost 60 per cent going to the Social Revolutionaries.