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Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology: What’s New and How by Thomas D. Parsons

By Thomas D. Parsons

This bold and available consultant studies cutting edge applied sciences improving the sector of neuropsychological checking out. beginning with the idea that normal batteries—some approximately a century old—lag in the back of in our period of neuroimaging, genomic reviews, psychophysiology, and informatics, it provides electronic measures delivering extra effective management, extra actual facts, and wider medical purposes. Ecological validity and evidence-based technology are key topics in those advances, from digital environments and evaluation of social cognition to the shift towards situational reliability and clear of lab-created constructs. those chapters additionally show how high-tech review instruments can supplement or complement conventional pencil-and-paper measures with out changing them outright.

This booklet covers in depth:

· The evolution of neuropsychological trying out during the last century.

· present functions of computer-based neuropsychological assessments.

· The strengths and obstacles of simulation technology.

· using teleneuropsychology in attaining distant clients.

· the possibility of gaming applied sciences in neurocognitive rehabilitation.

· How know-how can remodel try information into info important throughout specialties.

Clinical Neuropsychology and Technology brings neuropsychologists, scientific psychologists, and rehabilitation experts into the leading edge of review measures and techniques that might translate into extra exact checking out, collaborations among disciplines, and legitimate and invaluable outcomes.

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1997, 1998; Damasio 1996). , “gut feeling” and “hunch”) results in a “somatic marker” that guides decision making. According to Damasio (1994), the somatic marker is hypothesized to play a role in “hot” decision making in that it assists the “cold” decision making process by biasing the available response selections in a complex decision making task. , somatic markers) that occur in advance of real consequences of possible different alternatives (Bechara et al. 1997). These somatic markers act as affective catalysts for decision making, in which distinct alternatives are evaluated via somatic sensations that guide adaptive decision making (Damasio 1996).

1996; Mehler et al. 2009). Models of affective–cognitive interactions reveal two cortical–subcortical networks that play vital and dissociable roles in human emotion and cognition (Dolcos and McCarthy 2006). In a functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging study, Seeley et al. (2007) identified these two cortical–subcortical networks as follows: (1) an “executive-control network” that links dorsolateral frontal and parietal neocortices; and (2) a “salience network” anchored by dorsal anterior cingulate (dACC) and orbital frontoinsular cortices with robust connectivity to subcortical and limbic structures.

3 Physiological and Comparative Psychology (Twentieth Century) In the twentieth century, neuropsychology moved beyond the naive localization theory of the diagram-makers, which has been largely abandoned by most neuropsychologists (Goldstein 1990). The physiological and comparative psychology of the twentieth century provided impetus for this shift and the actual term “neuropsychology” emerged in the work of Lashley, Hebb, and Osler (Bruce 1985). Lashley’s (1929, 1950) mass-action-equipotentiality-function doctrine resulted from research findings suggested that learning deficits were proportional to the quantity of cortex removed, independent of the location.

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