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Catholics in America (Religion in American Life) by James T. Fisher

By James T. Fisher

Catholicism has grown from a suppressed and persecuted outsiders' faith within the American colonies to turn into the nation's unmarried biggest denomination. James Fisher surveys greater than 4 centuries of Catholics' involvement in American historical past, beginning his narrative with one of many first Spanish expeditions to Florida, in 1528. He follows the transformation of Catholicism into one in every of America's such a lot culturally and ethnically varied religions, together with the English Catholics' early payment in Maryland, the Spanish missions to the local american citizens, the Irish and German negative who got here looking for paintings and farmland, the proliferation of Polish and Italian groups, and the growing to be inflow of Catholics from Latin the United States. The publication discusses Catholic involvement in politics and clash, from New York's Tammany corridor to the Vietnam struggle and abortion. Fisher highlights the serious function of girls in American Catholicism--from St. Elizabeth Seton and Dorothy Day to mom Cabrini, the 1st American citizen to be canonized a saint--and describes the effect of widespread American Catholics corresponding to Cardinal John J. O'Connor, Nineteen Thirties radio character Father Charles Coughlin, President John F. Kennedy, pacifists Daniel and Philip Berrigan, activist Cesar Chavez, and writer Flannery O'Connor. For this re-creation, Fisher has introduced the tale modern, together with the newest struggles in the American church leadership.

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In this letter of February 15, 1819, to Madeleine Sophie Barat, the founder of the order, Mother Duchesne describes the joys and hardships of her community’s work in Missouri. Rose Philippine Duchesne was canonized a saint by Pope John Paul II in 1988. Very Reverend Mother: A few days ago I received from New Orleans a letter dated May 4 and addressed to Father Martial, who is coming to St. Louis, and one from the Bishop written six months ago which describes so accurately what one may expect in this country that I thought it would be of interest to you.

Among the most influential figures of the period was Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, the descendant of a wealthy colonial family with strong ties to the Episcopal Church (as the Anglican Church in America became known in the years following the Revolution). Elizabeth married New York merchant William Seton in 1794. They had five children, but the Setons’ warm family life was shattered by the bankruptcy of William’s business and then by his severe illness. In 1803 the couple, along with their eldest child, sailed for Italy in a desperate and ultimately futile bid to seek a cure for William’s fatal tuberculosis.

They tended to come from more prosperous backgrounds and often boasted vocational skills that were highly desired in an industrializing America where they might find work as carpenters, bakers, brewers, or tailors. The German Catholic immigrant communities were most heavily concentrated in a region within a triangle from Cincinnati to Milwaukee to St. Louis and back, cities that were not as well established as their counterparts in the East and were therefore somewhat less susceptible to outbreaks of nativism.

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