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Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable by David Goodman, Christopher M. Bacon, V. Ernesto Méndez,

By David Goodman, Christopher M. Bacon, V. Ernesto Méndez, Stephen R. Gliessman, Jonathan A. Fox

Our morning cups of espresso attach us to an international and an export concern within the tropics that's destroying livelihoods, undermining the unity of households and groups, and perilous ecosystems. Confronting the espresso Crisis explores small-scale farming, the political economic climate of the worldwide espresso undefined, and projects that declare to advertise extra sustainable rural improvement in coffee-producing groups. individuals overview the ancient, political, monetary, and agroecological techniques inside of today's espresso and examine the seriously depressed export marketplace that faces small-scale growers in Mexico and important America.

The ebook offers a chain of interdisciplinary, empirically wealthy case reports displaying how small-scale farmers deal with ecosystems and arrange jointly as they search invaluable collaborations with overseas NGOs and occasional businesses to create possibilities for themselves within the espresso marketplace. The findings exhibit the interconnections between farmer livelihoods, biodiversity, conservation, and altering espresso markets. extra chapters study substitute alternate practices, certification, and eco-labeling, discussing the politics and marketplace progress of natural, shade-grown, and reasonable alternate coffees. Combining interdisciplinary examine with case-study research at scales starting from the neighborhood to the worldwide, Confronting the espresso Crisis unearths the promise and the perils of efforts to create a extra sustainable espresso industry.

Contributors:
Christopher M. Bacon, David B. Bray, Sasha Courville, Jonathan A. Fox, Stephen R. Gliessman, David Goodman, Carlos Guadarrama-Zugasti, Shayna Harris, Roberta Jaffe, María Elena Martinez-Torres, V. Ernesto Méndez, Ellen Contreras Murphy, Tad Mutersbaugh, Seth Petchers, José Luis Plaza-Sanchez, Laura Trujillo, Silke Mason Westphal.

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Additional resources for Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America (Food, Health, and the Environment)

Sample text

In Mexico, Agroecological Foundations 33 for example, Moguel and Toledo (1999) found that coffee is predominantly grown in the biogeographically and ecologically important altitudinal belt between 600 and 1,200 meters elevation. Tropical and temperate vegetation types overlap, with rain forest merging into cloud forest on Atlantic slopes and tropical dry forests merging into pine-oak forests on Pacific slopes. Many of the coffee-growing regions of Mexico are considered biodiversity “hot spots” for conservation, and because of the mountainous landscape and the rainfall patterns they are also important for maintaining important watershed processes (Méndez 2004).

Van Der Voort. 1996. Shade coffee: A disappearing refuge for biodiversity. BioScience 46: 598–608. Ponte, S. 2002. The “Latte Revolution”? Regulation, markets and consumption in the global coffee chain. World Development 30, no. 7: 1099–1122. , and B. Daviron. 2005. The Coffee Paradox: Commodity Trade and the Elusive Promise of Development. Zed Books. F. Jensen, and S. Ponte. 2000. Global commodity chain analysis and the French filière approach. Economy and Society 29, no. 3: 390–417. , D. Murray and P.

A disaggregated approach is particularly important in distinguishing the environmental impacts of different practices, which farmers typically combine in complex “hybrid” systems of agroecosystem management. As Guadarrama-Zugasti demonstrates, this hybridity can juxtapose practices that enhance ecological sustainability with practices that reduce it. Moreover, such hybridity means that the broad sustainability claims frequently made for traditional shade-grown production must be strongly qualified.

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