By Joshua D. Zimmerman, Zvi Gitelman, Professor Nechama Tec, Professor Israel Gutman, Professor John Pawlikowski, Professor Daniel Blatman, Professor Ben-Cion Pinchuk, Professor Emanuel Melzer, Professor Henry Abramson, Professor Andrzej Zbikowski, Professor
Few matters have divided Poles and Jews extra deeply than the Nazi career of Poland in the course of the moment international struggle and the next slaughter of virtually 90 percentage of Polish Jewry. Many Jewish historians have argued that, throughout the profession, Poles at most sensible displayed indifference to the destiny of the Jews and at worst have been keen accomplices of the Nazis. Many Polish students, even though, deny any connection among the prewar tradition of antisemitism and the wartime state of affairs. They emphasised that Poles have been additionally sufferers of the Nazis and, for the main half, attempted their most sensible to guard the Jews. This selection of essays, representing 3 generations of Polish and Jewish students, is the 1st try out because the fall of Communism to think again the present historiography of Polish-Jewish relatives prior to, in the course of, and after the second one global warfare. within the spirit of indifferent scholarly inquiry, those essays fearlessly problem generally held perspectives on either side of the debates. The authors are dedicated to studying concerns relatively and to attaining a mutual realizing. Joshua D. Zimmerman is an assistant professor of East eu Jewish historical past at Yeshiva college, the place he holds the Eli and Diana Zborowski Chair in Holocaust stories. he's the writer of the coming near near name Poles, Jews and the Politics of Nationality: The Jewish exertions Bund and the Polish Socialist celebration in overdue Czarist Russia, 1892-1914.
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Extra info for Contested Memories: Poles and Jews during the Holocaust and Its Aftermath
Bozena Szaynok, Pogrom Zydów w Kielcach 4 lipca 1946 (Wroc¬aw: Bellona, 1992); . S. Meducki and Z. Wrona, Antyzydowskie wydarzenia kieleckie 4 lipca 1946 roku: / Miasta Kielce, 1992–1994); Anna dokumenty i materia¬y, 2 vols. (Kielce: Urzad . Cichopek, Pogrom Zydów w Krakowie 11 sierpnia 1945 roku (Warsaw: Jewish His . torical Institute, 2000); and Julan Kwiek, “Wydarzenia antyzydowskie 11 sierpnia . 1945 r. w Krakowie: Dokumenty,” BZIH 1 (2000): 77–89. 44. The most important study on the interwar Polish Catholic Church and the Jews is / kwestii Anna Landau-Czajka’s W jednym stali domu: Koncepcje rozwiazania .
In the late 1960s, four works documenting Polish aid to Jews were published. See Ten jest z ojczyzny mojej, 2 vols. (Cracow: Znak, 1966 and 1969), by W. Bartoszewski and S. Lewin, which appeared in En glish as Righteous among Nations: How Poles Helped the Jews, 1939–1945 (Lon don: Earlscourt Publications, 1969); and The Samaritans: Heroes of the Holocaust (New York: Twayne Publisher, 1970). Also see Szymon Datner’s Las sprawiedliwych . . (Warsaw: Ksiaz/ ka i Wiedza, 1968); and Kto ratuje jedno zycie—Polacy i Zydzi, 1939– 1945 (London: Orbis, 1968), by the Polish military historian Kazimierz IranekOsmiecki, which appeared in English as He Who Saves One Life (New York, Crown Publishers 1971).
Tec, When Light Pierced the Darkness, 10. 35. , 9. 36. Although precise figures are not known, at least two to three hundred Poles (and probably more) were murdered for harboring Jews. For a particularly horrible case of the public execution of one Polish family (along with the four Jews they were hiding), see Tec, When Light Pierced the Darkness, 63–64. 37. Polonsky, “Beyond Condemnation, Apologetics and Apologies,” 193. 38. Michael C. Steinlauf, Bondage to the Dead: Poland and the Memory of the Holo caust (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1997), 30.