By Gerhard Preyer, Georg Peter
In epistemology and in philosophy of language there's fierce debate in regards to the function of context in wisdom, realizing, and which means. Many modern epistemologists take heavily the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is naturally a semantic declare, so it has introduced epistemologists into touch with paintings on context in semantics via philosophers of language. This quantity brings jointly the debates, in a suite of twelve in particular written essays representing the newest paintings by way of top figures within the fields. All destiny paintings on contextualism will commence here.
Kent Bach, Herman Cappelen, Andy Egan, Michael Glanzberg, John Hawthorne, Ernest Lepore, Peter Ludlow, Peter Pagin, Georg Peter, Paul M. Pietroski, Gerhard Preyer, Jonathan Schaffer, Jason Stanley, Brian Weatherson, Timothy Williamson
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Extra resources for Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth
Bennett, M. (1974). ‘Some Extensions of a Montague Fragment of English’, PhD thesis, Department of Linguistics, UCLA. , and T. ) (1989). Computational Lexicography for Natural Language Processing (London: Longman). 48 C o n t e x t u a l i s m i n E p i s t e m o l o g y Bresnan, J. (1982). : MIT Press). -N. (1967). ‘Comments’, in N. ), The Logic of Decision and Action (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press). Chomsky, N. (1986). : MIT Press). Cinque, G. (1999). Adverbs and Functional Heads.
Personally, I think that they do hold in (30) and that this is evidence for (C4b), but whichever picture is in fact correct, it sheds no light on the plausibility of the core doctrine of contextualism as embodied in (C1) and the various versions of (C2). 5 Some Objections to Contextualism Reconsidered So far, I have argued for two theses regarding the language of knowledge attribution. First, I’ve argued that the lexical semantics of ‘knows’ is complex enough so that it does not entail a prediction about the gradability of knowledge claims—if anything it suggests that for ‘know’ to be gradable in the usual sense would be surprising indeed.
But it does not seem that ‘know’ has a corresponding comparative form (considerÃ ‘knower than’ or Ã ‘John more knows than Bill that P)’. As Stanley (citing Dretske 2000) also notes, the better sounding use of the comparative in cases like ‘John better knows than Bill that P’ is misleading, since this does not appear to be talking about standards of knowledge but rather about ‘‘more direct or more compelling evidence’’ for P. Once again, however, it is important to see that this test has more to do with the fact that ‘know’ is not an adjective than it has to do with its being graded.