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Crime and Violence as Development Issues in Latin America by Robert L. Ayers

By Robert L. Ayers

Crime and violence have emerged lately as significant stumbling blocks to improvement targets in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) nations. The paper explicates an schedule for destiny paintings that can help LAC international locations by way of discussing 'policy domain names' the place motion is needed. Such domain names comprise lowering city poverty, focusing on efforts on 'at-risk' teams, development or rebuilding social capital, strengthening municipal capability for battling crime and violence, and reforming the legal justice procedure.

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Additional info for Crime and Violence as Development Issues in Latin America and the Caribbean (World Bank Latin American and Caribbean Studies)

Sample text

In Mexico, about 57 percent of urban women and 44 percent of rural women surveyed reported some form of interpersonal violence (1992), 33 percent said they lived in a violent relationship, and 6 percent had experienced marital rape (1995). Source: Country surveys as reported in Lori L. Heise with Jacqueline Pitanguy and Adrienne Germain, Violence Against Women: The Hidden Health Burden, World Bank Discussion Paper No. : 1994), pp. 610. ate since 1990 and now approaches 90 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.

As background work for the preparation of a World Bank-financed pilot project to assist at-risk youth in Colombia, some two dozen international youth-serving programs were examined. While there are no easy answers, there appear to be a number of generic lessons that can guide efforts in this area. Among them are the need for community-based approaches; private sector involvement; youth participation in the design of programs on their behalf; careful management of individual cases by interdisciplinary teams of professionals who oversee the needs of youth; and a concern for replicability and sustainability Page 17 (because these programs can easily become expensive).

Community-based organizations and other social networks, increasingly deemed as critical for growth and poverty reduction, suffer attrition. The World Bank study of poverty in Jamaica concluded that one of the clearest impacts of violence in Jamaican communities is the social fragmentation that results, eroding social capital. Crime and violence have adverse effects on the ability of community members to associate with one another. In many areas, recreation centers, dance halls, youth clubs and sports facilities no longer function because of crime and violence.

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