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Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s by Francisco E. Balderrama

By Francisco E. Balderrama

During the nice melancholy, a feeling of overall depression plagued the U.S.. americans sought a handy scapegoat and located it within the Mexican neighborhood. legislation forbidding employment of Mexicans have been observed by means of the hue and cry to "get rid of the Mexicans!" The hysteria led pandemic repatriation drives and 1000000 Mexicans and their childrens have been illegally shipped to Mexico.

Despite their bad remedy and stressful studies, the yankee born childrens by no means gave up wish of returning to the USA. Upon reaching felony age, they badgered their mom and dad to allow them to go back domestic. Repatriation survivors who got here again labored diligently to get their lives again jointly. as a result of their experience of disgrace, few of them ever instructed their childrens approximately their tragic ordeal.

Decade of Betrayal recounts the injustice and affliction continued via the Mexican group throughout the Nineteen Thirties. It specializes in the studies of people compelled to endure the tragic ordeal of betrayal, deprivation, and adjustment. This revised variation additionally addresses the inclusion of the development within the academic curriculum, the issuance of a proper apology, and the query of monetary remuneration.

"Francisco Balderrama and Raymond Rodríguez, the authors of Decade of Betrayal, the 1st expansive learn of Mexican repatriation with views from either side of the border, declare that 1 million humans of Mexican descent have been pushed from the USA throughout the Thirties because of raids, scare strategies, deportation, repatriation and public strain. Of that conservative estimate, nearly 60 percentage of these leaving have been felony americans. Mexicans comprised approximately half all these deported throughout the decade, even supposing they made up under 1 percentage of the country's inhabitants. 'Americans, reeling from the commercial disorientation of the melancholy, sought a handy scapegoat,' Balderrama and Rodríguez wrote. 'They stumbled on it within the Mexican community.'"--American History

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Additional info for Decade of Betrayal: Mexican Repatriation in the 1930s

Sample text

Mexican labor was needed to produce the raw materials and foodstuffs required by the burgeoning industrialization in the Northeast. The number of Mexican workers in the United States increased significantly. The need for cheap labor coincided with the restriction of immigration from Asia and Europe. Beginning in the 1880s, exclusionary laws denied entry to Asian immigrants, particularly to the Chinese and Japanese. Massive European immigration was severely curtailed by the outbreak of World War I.

The Mexico they remembered no longer existed. For American-born children, trying to adjust to life in Mexico proved to be a very traumatic experience. Their turmoil would not end until they returned to the land of their birth. But the deep-seated scars of rejection by both cultures would remain imbedded in their lives forever. In recounting the experiences of Mexican Nationals and Mexican Americans caught in the throes of both the depression and repatriation, the authors sought to add to the studies conducted by economist Paul Taylor, anthropologist Manuel Gamio, and sociologist Emory Bogardus during the depression of the 1930s.

S. 3This dispersement continued to grow over the years. By the 1920s Mexicans could be found harvesting sugar beets in Minnesota, laying railroad tracks in Kan- Page 7 sas, packing meat in Chicago, mining coal in Oklahoma, assembling cars in Detroit, canning fish in Alaska, and sharecropping in Louisiana. Adventurous immigrant families and single men fanned out across the United States from border to border and sea to sea. Among them were Genaro Torres and three companions who worked their way along the gulf states and eventually settled in Portsmouth, Virginia.

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