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Die mantischen Künste und die Epistemologie prognostischer by Alexander Fidora (Hg.)

By Alexander Fidora (Hg.)

Neben den mantischen Künsten warfare im Mittelalter eine Reihe von Disziplinen bekannt, die sich mit der Prognose zukünftiger Entwicklungen befassten, wie etwa die Medizin und die Wettervorhersage. Tatsächlich wurden Mantik, Astrologie, Medizin und Meteorologie im 12. und thirteen. Jahrhundert oft in epistemologisch strikt paralleler artwork und Weise aufgefasst. Gleichwohl lassen sich Unterschiede in ihrer Beschreibung benennen, die die Kriterien für die Begründung von Zukunftswissen und seine jeweilige Geltung betreffen. Die hier versammelten Beiträge erforschen die prognostischen Disziplinen in vergleichender Perspektive, um die allmähliche Präzisierung des Vorhersagebegriffs und damit die Ausdifferenzierung der jeweiligen Künste und Wissenschaften in der europäischen Wissenskultur herauszuarbeiten.

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202–203. Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 7/18/15 8:21 PM Aristoteles imperfectus 51 pecially significant are the dreams coming at the end of sleep, as Avicenna observes, because then the thoughts and humors are quiet and do not disturb the imaginative faculty. 69 Albert gives a typology of causes of dreams with the purpose of rejecting the idea of chance occasioning dreams and, thus, the denial of the scientific status of dream interpretation.

Lucidator dubitabilium astronomiae, De motu octavae sphaerae e altre opere, ed. Graziella Federici Vescovini, Padua 1992, p. 118. , pp. 15– 43). On his classification see Eugenia Paschetto, Pietro d’Abano, medico e filosofo, Florence 1984, pp. 128–142. 59 He also says that dreams are more frequent in warm and dry climates, and for this reason prophets are found in such places. Witelo distinguishes between prophetic dreams caused by the influences of separate intelligences on the human soul and deceptive visions stemming from physiological causes.

On the three differences: “Differt autem haec prophetia naturalis ab ea de qua nunc loquimur, in tribus. Primo in hoc quod futurorum praevisionem habet immediate a Deo illa de qua nunc loquimur, quamvis Angelus possit esse minister, prout agit in virtute divini luminis; naturalis vero est ex propria actione causarum secundarum. Secundo in hoc quod prophetia naturalis non se extendit nisi ad illa futura quae habent causas determinatas in natura; sed prophetia de qua loquimur, indifferenter se habet ad omnia.

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