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John Dewey: Science for a Changing World by Svend Brinkmann

By Svend Brinkmann

John Dewey was once an American psychologist, thinker, educator, social critic, and political activist. John Dewey: technological know-how for a altering World addresses Dewey’s modern relevance; his existence and highbrow trajectory; his uncomplicated philosophical rules, with an emphasis on his philosophy of nature; and his academic idea, which has frequently been misunderstood. additionally, Dewey’s pragmatism and pragmatist ethics are mentioned, as are the various criticisms that may be directed at them. through the ebook, Dewey’s rules are on the topic of the final heritage of principles, yet there's additionally a continuing specialise in how Dewey could support us in fixing the various difficulties that face us in a so-called postmodern period. This e-book is the 1st to supply an interpretation of John Dewey’s works with specific emphasis on his contribution to psychology.

John Dewey uncommon himself by means of combining a culturalist method of human existence with a naturalistic one. He was once an avowed naturalist and follower of Darwin, and Brinkmann exhibits how his non-reductionist, naturalist psychology can function a much-needed correction to modern kinds of "evolutionary psychology." Dewey’s psychology, notwithstanding, isn't really an remoted point in his considering as a complete, so the writer additionally presents an creation to the philosophical, moral, and academic principles that cross hand-in-hand together with his psychology.

In the earlier couple of a long time, there was a renaissance of pragmatist principles in philosophy, political conception, and schooling. students are returning to the writings of William James, Charles Peirce, George Herbert Mead, and John Dewey. This publication keeps the effective culture of Transaction’s historical past and idea of Psychology series.

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John Dewey: Science for a Changing World

John Dewey was once an American psychologist, thinker, educator, social critic, and political activist. John Dewey: technological know-how for a altering international addresses Dewey’s modern relevance; his lifestyles and highbrow trajectory; his easy philosophical rules, with an emphasis on his philosophy of nature; and his academic idea, which has frequently been misunderstood.

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It can be difficult to pinpoint the precise propositions that are fundamental to pragmatic philosophy as a whole. Historian Louis Menand (2002) asserts that pragmatism is less a set of ideas or assumptions comprising a philosophical school than it is an all-encompassing position or a central idea—namely, an idea about ideas (p. xi). Pragmatism’s central idea is that “ideas are not ‘out there’ waiting to be discovered, but are tools—like forks and knives and microchips—that people devise to cope with the world in which they find themselves” (p.

When ideas are set forth as historical, social, and psychological laws, these become part of humanity’s own toolbox for mastering the world and thereby contribute to changing the reality that they concern (as we shall discuss in greater depth in later chapters). This phenomenon 22 Dewey and Pragmatism is called the problem of reflexivity (Brinkmann 2004a) and is rooted in the fact that knowledge from both the human and social sciences simultaneously arise from and alter the fields with which they are concerned.

For him, instrumentality is a general 14 Dewey’s Life and Intellectual Trajectory philosophy of knowledge that rests on the idea that our knowledge of the world does not consist of a passive gazing upon an unchanging outer reality, but rather, it arises in concrete situations in which we have found ourselves for one reason or another. In such situations, we must actively create ideas. “Ideas” should be understood in this sense as problem-solving tools and not as representations of the world. We use these ideas to attempt to master a situation and move forward.

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